Unintended Consequences of Health Care Reform

The PPACA of 2010 fostered new provisions for health care and the structure of health care delivery. The individual mandate to obtain insurance is one provocative provision. While this provision attempts to increase access to health care, it raises questions on how the existing system could sustain the potentially large influx of newly insured individuals.

Another provision calls for new models of health care provider organizations to ensure delivery efficiency and continuity of care. In this week’s media presentation, Dr. Kathleen White discusses the accountable care organization, which comprises a group of providers coordinating care across a variety of institutional settings. Yet becoming an accountable care organization may present a number of challenges.

This week’s Discussion builds on Week 1, continuing the examination of those societal and organizational contexts that influence health care reform. The unintended consequences of reform policy on the health care system are also considered.

To prepare:

  • Review      this week’s media presentation and the other Learning Resources focusing      on how reform may lead to improved quality, greater access, and reduced      cost of care. Also think about the unintended consequences that may arise      as a result.
  • Consider      the information presented about the individual mandate and accountable      care organizations. What are some questions or concerns you might have      regarding the individual mandate? What are the pros and cons associated      with becoming an accountable care organization?
  • With      posting instructions in mind, select either the individual mandate or      accountable care organizations as the focus of your Discussion this week.

By tomorrow Wednesday 03/07/18 BY 12pm, write a minimum of 550 words in APA format with a minimum of THREE scholarly references from the list of required readings below. Include the level one headers as numbered below:

Post a cohesive response that addresses the following:

1) In the first line of your posting, identify the topic you have selected—either the individual mandate or accountable care organizations. With regard to this topic, describe one or more positive results that could be achieved, and one or more unintended consequence(s) that organizations or individuals may experience.

2) Briefly evaluate issues on the topic that may be a consideration for the organization you work in and the nursing profession ( I WORK I A HOSPITAL SETTING).

Required Readings

Bodenheimer, T., & Grumbach, K. (2016). Understanding health policy: A clinical approach (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Medical.

Chapter 5, “How Health Care is Organized – I: Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Care”

Chapter 6, “How Health Care is Organized – II: Health Delivery Systems”

McClellan, M. (2010). Accountable care organizations in the era of health care reform. American Health & Drug Benefits, 3(4), 242–244.

The PPACA of 2010 encourages the formation of accountable care organizations (ACOs) to improve the quality and efficiency of health care delivery. An ACO is a group of health care providers who coordinate care for their Medicare patients and share the financial incentives of health care improvement gains.

Moore, K. D., & Coddington, D. C. (2010). Accountable care: The journey begins. Health Care Financial Management, 64(8), 57–63.

This article provides information on the importance of health care provider organizations taking steps to become accountable care organizations (ACOs) and provides examples of systems that have historically functioned in this capacity. The authors also provide steps for developing and transitioning to an ACO structure.

Institute of Medicine. (2010). The future of nursing: Leading change, advancing health. Retrieved from http://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/Reports/2010/The-Future-of-Nursing-Leading-Change-Advancing-Health.aspx

This report discusses how nurses can and should play a fundamental role in meeting the challenges of increased demand for health care brought about by the implementation of the 2010 Affordable Care Act. In addition, it stresses the need for nurses to be partners with other health professionals and assume leadership roles in redesigning health care in the United States.

Institute of Medicine. (2010). Report brief: The future of nursing: Leading change, advancing health. Retrieved from http://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2010/The-Future-of-Nursing/Future%20of%20Nursing%202010%20Recommendations.pdf

This report brief highlights the four key recommendations from the Robert Wood Johnson and Institute of Medicine the Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health report. The recommendations focus on nursing practice, education and training, partnerships with other healthcare professionals, and workforce planning and policymaking.

HealthCare.gov. (n.d.). Understanding the Affordable Care Act. Retrieved from http://www.hhs.gov/healthcare/rights/index.html

This website introduces the Affordable Care Act and presents the timeline for implementation of the various provisions of the Act.

HealthCare.gov. (n.d.). Understanding the Affordable Care Act: About the law. Retrieved from http://www.hhs.gov/healthcare/rights/law/index.html

Read the full Affordable Care Act law at this website. An overview of the law is also provided along with an outline of how the Affordable Care Act helps reduce health insurance costs.

Required Media

Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2011). Healthcare policy and advocacy: Reforming health care delivery: Accountable care organizations. Baltimore: Author.

 

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 7 minutes.

In this media presentation, Dr. Kathleen White explains the structure of accountable care organizations (ACO) and discusses the benefits and challenges of becoming an ACO.

Optional Resources

APRN Joint Dialogue Group Report. (2008). Consensus model for APRN regulation: Licensure, accreditation, certification & education. Retrieved from http://www.aacn.nche.edu/education-resources/APRNReport.pdf

Fisher, E. S., & Shortell, S. M. (2010). Accountable care organizations: Accountable for what, to whom, and how. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 304(15), 1715–1716.

Fisher, E. S., Staiger, D. O., Bynum, J. W., & Gottlieb, D. J. (2007). Creating accountable care organizations: The extended hospital medical staff. JHealth Affairs, 26, w44-w57. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.26.1.w44–57

McClellan, M., McKethan, A. N., Lewis, J. L., Roski, J., & Fisher, E. S. (2010). A national strategy to put accountable care into practice. Health Affairs, 29(5), 982–990.

Kaiser Health News. (2011). Accountable care organization proposed regulations: Resources. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.kaiserhealthnews.org/Stories/2011/March/31/ACO-Documents-In-The-News.aspx

Order Solution Now

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

In the dynamic world we currently live in, it’s becoming increasingly difficult for students to balance academics, co-curricular activities and entertainment among others. Students are required to submit countless assignments in a short time frame. These assignments should not be taken lightly as they form a major part of the grade when it comes to the end of the semester. Understanding the value of education and how these grades are important to students, Infinite Essays has made it its mission in life to offer customized essays to students at an affordable cost.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

There are plenty of reasons why you should order a paper with Infinite Essays. We have reliable writers who are also very competent. They have over the years managed to work under tight schedules and deadlines. Whenever you order an essay with Infinite Essays, you are guaranteed a fast turnaround of your project and this is done on time. Other than writing custom papers, our writers provide value added services that include academic assistance in the areas that they have specialized in. We ensure that the work that we offer is free of plagiarism. Infinite Essays does not condone plagiarism in whatsoever manner. Our writers are very experienced and can handle of sorts of formats such as Turabian, Chicago, Harvard as well as APA and MLA. Infinite Essays covers a wide range of topics. At the moment, we specialize with over 68 topics. We understand the importance of maintaining confidentiality when dealing with our clients. It’s for this reason that we will never reveal the identity of our clients to whoever may be interested. Finally, we offer the most competitive rates in the industry.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

Whenever you want to make an order with us, you will use our automated online ordering system. If you are having some difficulties of any sort, feel free to contact our live support and they will be more than happy to assist you. Ensure that you fill all the relevant information regarding your order. This is the area where you have to include the deadline of your assignment, the formatting style to be used and even the kind of academic paper you desire. The more information you give to our writers, the better.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

Brief explanations of how our services work 1. Provide us with the necessary instructions. Go to the Order Now page and click the order now button. This is the part where you have to attach all the relevant attachments. At the same time, remember to add the instructions sheet here. Once you are sure that you have submitted all relevant information, please submit the final draft to us. 2. The second step will involve paying for the services. This is where an invoice will be sent to you. However, the easiest process is clicking the payment link and following all the prompts that come along. At the moment, all payments are made through PayPal only. 3. Working on your paper. Once you have made the payment, we will assign the order to a writer who will follow the instructions. Remember that our writers will spend countless hour laboring to ensure that the work they provide is meticulously researched. 4. Download your paper. When the writer is finished with the assignment, they will submit it to our writers who will then go through the paper to ensure that the paper has followed all instructions and there are no grammatical errors. We will then forward a copy of the assignment to your email. 5. Tell your friends. We always happy to receive a referral. Whenever a friend tells us that you recommended our services to them, we will give you a 40 percent discount for your next order. Whenever you have provided us with the necessary details, we will forward them to qualified writers who will handle the assignment for you. Remember that the writers will begin working on the assignment immediately. This is the sole reason we encourage our clients to provide their exact specifications during the first time.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

Tackling an order may be challenging but we always offer the best. Before the assignment can be passed to you by our writers, it will be passed through a team of qualified editors and proofreaders to ensure that the paper is accurate and of the required quality. Once the editors are satisfied with the assignment, they will forward the assignment to your account and a copy to your email.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

Discounts We offer the best prices in the industry. We currently have a 20 percent discount for all of our customers. If you feel the budget is putting a strain on you, contact our live support and they might consider you case. We treat each case differently. Remember that our main goal is to continue with education transformation. At the moment, we only accept payments in form of PayPal.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

Why Choose Us While there are many companies in the writing service industry claiming to offer platinum services, none can match the services offered by Infinite Essays. Some of our writers have been with us since 2010. The testimonials that have been written by some of our happy customers is an indication of the good services that we offer.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline