APA format  1 page long 3 references 1 for the discussion below and 1 from walden university library

 

Team Project Description

We are the Southeast Region, and our group members consist of Jessica Wise, Danita Farley, Hope Bechard, Courtney Bodiford, and Amy Stierwalt. We are working on a pain management program for pediatric nurses at Moses Cone Hospital (MCH) in Greensboro, North Carolina. One of our group members works at this facility and helped us to decide on this topic, because she has recognized this as a knowledge deficit in the pediatric arena. In healthcare settings with no pediatric pain education training for pediatric nursing staff, it has been found that children are not adequately treated for pain (Ramira, Instone, & Clark, 2016).  The purpose of this educational training program is to improve nurses’ assessment and management of pediatric pain within the pediatric arena at MCH.  This can assist pediatric nursing staff in monitoring, assessing, treating, and documenting comfort and pain levels consistently across all pediatric units. Measurable outcomes would include a patient satisfaction score increase by 90 percent regarding pediatric pain management during their hospitalization or Emergency Department (ED) visit.

Organizational Framework, Mission/Vision/Philosophy

The curriculum development was guided by the organizational framework of Knowles’ Adult Learning Theory and Kirkpatrick’s Learning Evaluation Model. The use of an eclectic theory model allowed us to develop a program that “most accurately reflects the faculty’s beliefs about the practice and discipline of nursing” (Billings & Halstead, 2016, p. 106). The Knowles’ theory allows adult learners to build upon the knowledge and experience they already have. It also has six elements that include self-directedness, need to know, use of experience in learning, readiness to learn, orientation to learning, and internal motivation (Chang, 2010).  The Kirkpatrick Model has four levels: reaction, learning, behavior, and results (Billings & Halstead, 2016, p. 191). The use of these two models has allowed us to create a plan that is well rounded and meshes well with the mission, vision, and philosophy of MCH.

The mission of MCH is that “we serve our communities by preventing illness, restoring health and providing comfort, through exceptional people delivering exceptional care” (Cone Health, n.d., para 2 ). The mission helped guide us in development in that it is a gold standard at MCH to ensure we make our patients comfortable, no matter the age. The vision of MCH is to “be a national leader in delivering measurably superior healthcare” (Cone Health, n.d., para 3). This vision is important to us as we want our nurses to be educated and prepared for any pediatric pain issue that could arise. We also want our nurses to be recognized for their hard work by knowing that they are the best around. The philosophy of our program at MCH is a mixture of providing quality, innovation, teamwork, service, integrity, and compassion to all patients.

The MCH Pediatric Pain Program will have five sessions. The first and second session will be completed in the classroom as they will review the physiology of pain and causes of and factors affecting pain. The third session will discuss the techniques and tools for assessing pain. The fourth session will cover pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options for pediatric patients. The fifth session will review the pediatric pain order set. After these sessions, the nurse should feel competent and prepared to care for the needs of a pediatric patient with pain.

The five sessions are:

Session 1: Physiology of Pain

  • This lecture session will allow nurses to explore the definitions/concepts of pain, pain tolerance and pain threshold. The differences between acute and chronic pain will be described. The session will also review pain mechanisms both peripherally and centrally including the gate control theory (Kozier et al., 2010).
  • Learning objectives: 

Nursing staff will:

  •  Describe the differences between acute and chronic pain to be able to document and treat pain appropriately.
  • State the definition of pain, pain tolerance and pain threshold.
  • Differentiate between the presentations of pediatric pain as the child develops from newborn to adult.

Session 2: Causes of and Factors Affecting Pain

  • This lecture and discussion session will explore common pain states including invasive procedures, burns, end of life care, postoperative, chronic disease, and cancer pain (Hockenberry & Wilson, 2011). This session will help nurses to understand their patient’s response to pain via the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. Factors affecting pain including cultural values, the developmental stage, environment, past painful experiences and meaning of pain will also be discussed (Kozier et al., 2010).
  • Learning objectives:  

Nursing staff will:

  • Assess potential factors contributing to their patient’s pain.
  • Explain the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system and how it responds to pain in the body.

Session 3: Assessment Techniques and Tools 

  • This lecture, discussion, and role play session will provide students with the skills to choose an age-appropriate assessment scale (Hockenberry & Wilson, 2011). The acronym of PQRSTU will be taught to students to assess all aspects of pain. This session will review appropriate reassessment of pain guidelines (Kozier et al., 2010).
  • Learning Objectives:

Nursing staff will:

  • Describe the commonly used pain assessment scales.
  • Demonstrate a pain assessment on patients of differing developmental milestones.
  • State how often they should re-assess pain for documentation standards.

Session 4: Evidence-based non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment options

  • This lecture and skills lab session will describe both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options for pain. This session will review common side effects and how to monitor for them when using treatment options (Hockenberry & Wilson, 2011). Nurses will have the opportunity to practice using all pain treatment options available at Moses Cone (MCH) including the buzzy bee, j-tips, PO, subcutaneous, and IV injections, and patient-controlled analgesia.
  • Learning Objectives: 

Nursing staff will:

  • Choose the appropriate therapy for the patient based on pain assessment and doctors’ orders.
  • Demonstrate the appropriate administration of pain therapy.
  • Compare treatment options to choose which is best for their patient.

Session 5: Session 5 Pediatric Pain Order Set Review

  • This session will allow students time to become familiar with the new pain order set that will be used by the physicians. One of our pediatric physicians will be present to answer questions.
  • Learning Objectives: 

Nursing staff will:

  • Understand how to use the order set to treat pain in their pediatric patients.
  • Learn to evaluate the pediatric pain order set to be able to recognize any errors.

References

Barry, M.A., Goldsworthy, S., & Goodridge, D. (2010). Medical-surgical nursing in Canada (2nd  ed.). Toronto, ON: Elsevier

Billings, D. M., & Halstead, J. A. (2016). Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty (5th ed). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.

Chang, S. (2010). Applications of Andragogy in Multi-Disciplined Teaching and Learning.  Journal of Adult Learning, 39(2): 25-35. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ930244.pdf.

Cone Health. (n.d.).Welcome to Cone Health Orientation. Retrieved from https://www.conehealth.com/app/files/public/32/doc-clinical-observation-Welcome-to- Cone-Health-Orientation.pdf

Hockenberry, M.J., & Wilson, D. (2011). Wong’s nursing care of infants and children (9th ed.).  St. Louis, MO: Elsevier

Ramira, M. L., Instone, S., & Clark, M. J. (2016, January-February). Pediatric Pain Management: An Evidence-Based Approach. Pediatric Nursing42(1), 39-49. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Order Solution Now

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

In the dynamic world we currently live in, it’s becoming increasingly difficult for students to balance academics, co-curricular activities and entertainment among others. Students are required to submit countless assignments in a short time frame. These assignments should not be taken lightly as they form a major part of the grade when it comes to the end of the semester. Understanding the value of education and how these grades are important to students, Infinite Essays has made it its mission in life to offer customized essays to students at an affordable cost.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

There are plenty of reasons why you should order a paper with Infinite Essays. We have reliable writers who are also very competent. They have over the years managed to work under tight schedules and deadlines. Whenever you order an essay with Infinite Essays, you are guaranteed a fast turnaround of your project and this is done on time. Other than writing custom papers, our writers provide value added services that include academic assistance in the areas that they have specialized in. We ensure that the work that we offer is free of plagiarism. Infinite Essays does not condone plagiarism in whatsoever manner. Our writers are very experienced and can handle of sorts of formats such as Turabian, Chicago, Harvard as well as APA and MLA. Infinite Essays covers a wide range of topics. At the moment, we specialize with over 68 topics. We understand the importance of maintaining confidentiality when dealing with our clients. It’s for this reason that we will never reveal the identity of our clients to whoever may be interested. Finally, we offer the most competitive rates in the industry.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

Whenever you want to make an order with us, you will use our automated online ordering system. If you are having some difficulties of any sort, feel free to contact our live support and they will be more than happy to assist you. Ensure that you fill all the relevant information regarding your order. This is the area where you have to include the deadline of your assignment, the formatting style to be used and even the kind of academic paper you desire. The more information you give to our writers, the better.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

Brief explanations of how our services work 1. Provide us with the necessary instructions. Go to the Order Now page and click the order now button. This is the part where you have to attach all the relevant attachments. At the same time, remember to add the instructions sheet here. Once you are sure that you have submitted all relevant information, please submit the final draft to us. 2. The second step will involve paying for the services. This is where an invoice will be sent to you. However, the easiest process is clicking the payment link and following all the prompts that come along. At the moment, all payments are made through PayPal only. 3. Working on your paper. Once you have made the payment, we will assign the order to a writer who will follow the instructions. Remember that our writers will spend countless hour laboring to ensure that the work they provide is meticulously researched. 4. Download your paper. When the writer is finished with the assignment, they will submit it to our writers who will then go through the paper to ensure that the paper has followed all instructions and there are no grammatical errors. We will then forward a copy of the assignment to your email. 5. Tell your friends. We always happy to receive a referral. Whenever a friend tells us that you recommended our services to them, we will give you a 40 percent discount for your next order. Whenever you have provided us with the necessary details, we will forward them to qualified writers who will handle the assignment for you. Remember that the writers will begin working on the assignment immediately. This is the sole reason we encourage our clients to provide their exact specifications during the first time.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

Tackling an order may be challenging but we always offer the best. Before the assignment can be passed to you by our writers, it will be passed through a team of qualified editors and proofreaders to ensure that the paper is accurate and of the required quality. Once the editors are satisfied with the assignment, they will forward the assignment to your account and a copy to your email.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

Discounts We offer the best prices in the industry. We currently have a 20 percent discount for all of our customers. If you feel the budget is putting a strain on you, contact our live support and they might consider you case. We treat each case differently. Remember that our main goal is to continue with education transformation. At the moment, we only accept payments in form of PayPal.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline

Why Choose Us While there are many companies in the writing service industry claiming to offer platinum services, none can match the services offered by Infinite Essays. Some of our writers have been with us since 2010. The testimonials that have been written by some of our happy customers is an indication of the good services that we offer.

Click HERE to order a unique plagiarism free paper done by 

professional writers and delivered before your deadline